Key Provisions of the Bill:
A consumer is defined as a person who buys any good or avails a service for a consideration.
What it covers?
It covers transactions through all modes including offline, and online through electronic means, teleshopping, multi-level marketing or direct selling.
What it doesn’t?
It does not include a person who obtains a good for resale or a good or service for commercial purpose.
(i) be protected against marketing of goods and services which are hazardous to life and property; (ii) be informed of the quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and price of goods or services; (iii) be assured of access to a variety of goods or services at competitive prices; and (iv) seek redressal against unfair or restrictive trade practices.
It will be set up by the central government.
CCPA shall promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers.
It will regulate matters related to violation of consumer rights, unfair trade practices, and misleading advertisements.
The CCPA may impose a penalty on a manufacturer or an endorser of up to Rs 10 lakh and imprisonment for up to two years for a false or misleading advertisement. In case of a subsequent offence, the fine may extend to Rs 50 lakh and imprisonment of up to five years.
CDRCs will be set up at the district, state, and national levels. A consumer can directly file a complaint with CDRCs.
The District CDRC will entertain complaints where value of goods and services does not exceed Rs one crore.
The State CDRC will entertain complaints when the value is more than Rs one crore but does not exceed Rs 10 crore.
Complaints with value of goods and services over Rs 10 crore will be entertained by the National CDRC.
Product liability means the liability of a product manufacturer, service provider or seller to compensate a consumer for any harm or injury caused by a defective good or deficient service. To claim compensation, a consumer has to prove any one of the conditions for defect or deficiency, as given in the Bill.
Why is this Bill significant?